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A clinical (major) depression is a mental health disorder characterized by persistent depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, causing significant impairment in daily life.

Depression is common but a very serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affects sleep, feeling, work and eating.

Symptoms can develop under unique circumstances such as PERSISTENT DEPRESSIVE DISORDER. This is also called DYSTHYMIA. It is major depression with less severe symptoms, which could last for 2 years.

POST PARTUM DEPRESSION is more serious. This is a feeling of extreme depression, sadness, anxiety and exhaustion.

PSYCOPATIC DEPRESSION is severe depression with some appearance of psychosis. Sufferers exhibit disturbing false fixed belief, which is delusional. They hear and see things that upsets them. They see things others do not see, like hallucination that has a ‘theme’ like delusions of guilt, poverty or illness.

SEASONAL EFFECTIVE DISORDER occurs when there is less sunlight that lifts afterwards. Symptoms are social withdrawal, increased sleep and weight gain.

BIPOLAR DISORDER is a depression of extremely low moods, irritable mood of ‘MANIA’ which is high euphoric or; HYPO MANIA’ which is less severe. In children, it is DISRUPTIVE MOOD DYSREGULATION DISORDER. For women it is PREMENSTRUAL DYSPHORIC DISORDER (PMDD).

Symptoms are persistent sadness, anxiety and grumpy mood.

A feeling of hopelessness, pessimism and irritability.

Feeling of guilt, worthlessness or helplessness

Loss of interest or pleasure in activities and hobbies.

Decreased energy or fatigue

Moving or talking slowly

Feeling restless, having trouble sitting still, difficulty in concentration, remembering or making decision.

Difficulty in sleeping, early morning awakening, or oversleeping. Appetite or weight changes. Thoughts of death or suicides.

Aches or pains, headaches cramps, digestive problems that do not ease with treatment.



 SOURCE: National Institute of Mental Health.

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